Pain on inside of Knee

Pain on inside of knee is commonly referred to as medial knee pain. The pain may develop gradually or suddenly depending on the main cause. The pain can be a sharp pain, movement restricting or even a general inner knee pain. The medial knee pain is a common occurrence due to the tightness or weakness of the knee muscle causing a change in knee movement. People can experience this knee pain after running as the change in movement can result in more force going through the inner side of the joint instead of being evenly distributed causing the damage to inner side of the knee and hence the medial knee pain.

The main causes of medial knee pain include MCL Tear, Meniscus Tear and Arthritis Pain.

MCL Tear

This is a condition that occurs when the inner side of your knee gets overstretched resulting in damage. It mostly occurs when you suddenly twist your knee damaging all or some of the ligament fibers causing pain, swelling and instability.

The Causes of an MCL Injury

The Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) is one of the ligaments that stabilize your knee. It joins the femur and tibia bones together while limiting the widening of the gap between them. The tear may occur when there is a force through the outer side of a bent knee such as a sporting tackle. Severity of the injury is classified as Grade 1 Tear, Grade 2 Tear or Grade 3 Tear.

Grade1 Tear: This is when a few fibers are damaged such as less than 10-percent. Symptoms of grade 1 tear may include bruising, swelling and tenderness on the inner side of the knee. Treatment methods of this tear range from protection to rest, compression, ice and elevation. Recovery is within a few weeks.

Grade 2 Tear: This is when many fibers are damaged but the ligament is still intact. The symptoms include medial pain, swelling and bruising. The knee may also be unstable. If the knee is unstable, the short term treatment remedies include hinged knee brace and tubigrip, which offers stability and prevent further injury. Other treatments include deep tissue friction massage and ultrasound treatment.

Grade 3 Tear: This is when there is ligament rupture. The symptoms include inability to bend, pain and unstable knee. Treatment depends on the severity of the injury. The doctor will recommend the right treatment methods and tools.

You can also check for symptoms of a torn ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament).

Meniscus Tear

Meniscus TearThis condition occurs when there is damage to the cartilage of the knee joint. The damage may caused by injury or develop gradually as a result of tear and wear. The symptoms of this condition include stiffness, instability, pain on inside of knee and locking. Locking can occur for two reasons. True locking is when something gets stuck on the joint while pseudolocking occurs because of pain.

Types of Meniscus tear include normal tear, longitudinal tear, bucket handle tear, radial tear and degenerative changes. Longitudinal occurs along the length of the meniscus. Bucket handle tear occurs where the cartilage detaches from the tibia.

Treatment Options

A torn knee ligament requires good blood flow to heal quickly. The treatment options include non-surgical and surgical treatments. The non-surgical methods include the use of tubigrip, knee brace, ice and exercises. Tubigrip and knee brace are useful in providing stability while ice helps to reduce swelling and pain. The exercises help to strengthen the surrounding muscles reducing the amount of weight that goes through the knee.

Arthritis Pain

Arthritis is the major cause of knee pain. The condition is characterized by changes in cartilage and bones caused by wear and tear or inflammation. Arthritis occurs when cartilage thins and wears away resulting in bone-on-bone contact causing stiffness, pain and inflammation. The common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoarthritis: This condition results in thinning of cartilage, which causes the thickening of underneath bone in a bid to protect itself. This alters the surface of the bone from smooth to rough. The growth of spurs results in rubbing of bones causing pain on inside of knee. The spurs may also limit movements.

Rheumatoid arthritis: This is a chronic, inflammatory disorder that causes inflammation as well as excess fluid on joints. The condition results in swelling of joints, painful and limited movements.

Although there is no major arthritis cure, there are several remedies that can be used to reduce the pain and improve knee function and you should consult your physician or family doctor for the appropriate treatment for your symptoms.

If you are not experiencing the pain on the inside of knee, you should refer to this article: Pain on outside of Knee.